Dacus cucurbitae Coq. 1949. Chaetodacus cucurbitae This bait insecticide is sprayed on broad leaf plants that serve as refugia for melon flies. anisyl acetone, cue-lure, raspberry ketone and zingerone. pp. Great variations exist in the susceptibility of squash and pumpkin varieties. 46(1): 61-64. One is to use a protective covering to wrap the fruit while it develops. The fruit fly is a major agricultural pest infesting crops such as gourds (the host fruits of the melon fly (Bactrocera cucurbitae)) and citrus fruit (the host fruits of the oriental fruit fly (Bactrocera dorsalis)). Insect Pest Series, No. The puparium ranges in color from dull red or brownish yellow to dull white, and is about 5 to 6 mm in length. Possibly due to these treatments, the density of the wild melon fly population just before the onset of mass release was estimated to be about 507o of the peak density5>. [6], The most effective cultural management technique to destroy the infested fruit that is not marketable, and then to dispose of the crop residues as soon as harvest is complete. 1949. 601 p. This page was last edited on 9 November 2020, at 00:41. 1989. In the Pacific it is established in Bougainville Islands, Guam, Hawaii, Indonesia (Irian Jaya), Mariana Islands, New Britain, New Ireland and Papua New Guinea. In Hawaii, the melon fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae, causes damage to crops such as squash, melon, cucumber, and tomato. The adult melon fly is approximately the size of a house fly, about 6 to 8 mm long. 391. Fruit Flies of Economic Significance: Their Identification and Bionomics. Green CT. 1929. India. Reg. How many to use : 6 Traps / acre or 15 traps / hectare. Studies on the Ecology and Control of the Melon Fly Dacus (Strumeta) cucurbitae Coquillett (Diptera: Tephritidae). Barrix Recommendation Barrix Catch Veg Fly Trap. Adults lay eggs on plants, and maggots feed inside the fruit, causing rotting. Melon fly damage During the heat of the day, adult melon flies rest on the shady undersides of leaves. The melon fly in Hawaii. 1990. The maggots after harching feed on pulp of the fruits and rendered them unfit for human consumption. University of Florida (Gainesville), MS thesis. Identification of fruit fly larvae frequently intercepted at ports of entry of the United States. It has been introduced and established in the African countries of Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Cóte d’Ivoire, Guinea, Kenya, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Tanzania, Togo, and Uganda. Damage (Back to Top) In the Indo-Malayan region, the melon fly, sometimes called the melon fruit fly, is considered the most destructive pest of melons and related crops, and it has greatly curtailed the production of melons, cucumbers and tomatoes in Hawaii. Fresh squash varieties at a farmer’s market. 1988. Strumeta cucurbitae Damage – Feeding in colonies, adults and nymphs pierce vines with their needle-like mouthparts. Ent. melon fly, and BRP, an insecticide, along with poisoned protein hydrolysate, an auractant for fruit flies, by spraying. Exp. The Melon fruit fly has a predominantly orange- brown coloured body and abdomen. Development period from egg to adult ranges from 12 to 28 days. Pictorial key to fruit fly larvae of the family Tephritidae. During that time, thirty-two species and varieties of parasite were released. Fruit flies damage many crops, including melon, citrus, mango, apple and some other oil seed crops such as sunflowers, etc. In Latin it sounds like bactrocera cucurbitae coquillett. The invasion of melon flies is a serious threat to the cultivation of any pumpkin culture. 1961. YOU CAN HELP Working together we can keep these pest… It can be found throughout most of southern Asia, several countries in Africa, some island groups in the Pacific. The leafminer adults are small, shiny black and yellow flies with a bright yellow triangular spot on the upper thorax bet… Adult bodies range from white to yellow and have characteristics similar to houseflies. 27(3): 367-378. Cooperative Economic Insect Report 9 (19): 343-368. There are two common mechanical methods of control. The melon fly. Eggs of the Baluchistan melon fly (BMF) are able to survive harsh winter conditions. Melon fly infestation . Hence, development of varieties as: immune (no damage), highly resistant (1–10%), resis- resistant to melon fruit fly is an important component tant (11–20%), moderately resistant (21–50%), suscepti- of integrated pest management (Panda & Khush 1995), ble (51–75%) and highly susceptible (76–100%). The maggots (larvae) are creamy-white, legless and attain a length of 10 mm. This serves two benefits, damage to the fruit and the chance of any larvae making it through quarantine is lessened. It has anterior mouth hooks, ventral fusiform areas and a flattened caudal end. Berg GH. Anonymous. 97-53. Damage symptoms The melon fly (Bactrocera cucurbitae) is a fruit fly of the family Tephritidae. Pamphlet 581. Oxon, UK. Inst. Findings of melon fruit fly control survey and its integrated management, 1996/97. [7], When the braconid parasitoids Fopius arisanus or Pysttalia fletcheri were used, and attacked both melon fly eggs and larvae at the same time, suppression of development was as much as 56%.[8]. ARS-Research. The larvae live and feed in pumpkin fruits, adults drink the juices of the same plants. (Scott Bauer, D1034-1). Immunity of Dacus cucurbitae to Attack by Certain Parasites of Dacus dorsalis. Eggs are hatched into maggots which live and develop inside the A female melon fly usually lays eggs under the skin of host fruit; however, in its favored hosts in the family Cucurbitaceae, eggs may also be laid into flowers, stems, and exposed roots. Damage is caused … The fruit flies or Tephritidae of California. University of Hawaii, Cooperative Extension Service, College of Tropical Agriculture & Human Resources. They are major pests of beans, bittermelon, winter melon, cucumbers, eggplant, green beans, hyotan, luffa, melons, peppers, pumpkins, squashes, togan, tomatoes, watermelon, and zucchini.[4][5]. Cambridge University Press. Parasitization of melon fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) by Fopius arisanus and Psyttalia fletcheri (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) and the effect of fruit substrates on host preference by parasitoids. Anonymous. Melon Fly Damage on Cucumber. Russell IPM have developed biorational solutions to this pest. Decay organisms can enter the fruit, leaving the interior of the fruit a rotten mass and making it unfit for consumption. 1963. Hill, D. S. 1983. 1957. B. At maturity, the larvae drop from the plant and burrow two to three cm beneath the soil to pupate. reducing the melon fly damage (Srinivasan, 1991). Proteinaceous liquid attractants in insecticide sprays is an effective method of controlling melon fly populations. Bautista R, Harris E, Vargas R, Jang E. (2004). Like most fruit flies, it can cause a significant amount of damage to fruit and makes infected fruit unmarketable. Nature of damage ; Among the various species, D.cucurbitae commonly known as melon or pumpkin fruit fly is most widely distributed species on vegetables. 1953. V. Dacus cucurbitae (Melon Fly) (Diptera: Tephritidae). Distinctive characteristics include its wing pattern, its long third antennal segment, the reddish yellow dorsum of the thorax with light yellow markings, and the yellowish head with black spots. 36 p. Chu HF. ... of this pest. Indian Horticulture. J. Econ. Dacus dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly) (Diptera: Tephritidae). Population structure of the melon fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae, in Reunion Island. Loose-Leaf Manual of Insect Control. Hence the present investigation explores. The principal leafminer species in the southwest include L. trifolii and L. sativae. J. Econ. The Fruit Fly Exclusion and Detection Programs protect the health and value of American agricultural resources threatened by the establishment of exotic fruit fly populations. Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Division of Plant Industry Entomology Circular 303: 1-2. In Asia, it is recorded from Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brunei, Cambodia, China, Hong Kong, India, In Agricultural Insect Pests of the Tropics and Their Control, 2nd Edition. Eggs are minute cylinders laid in batches. [1], Melon flies use at least 125 host plants. Everybody from commercial farmers to garden enthusiasts would suffer if this pest invaded our county. Last instar larvae range from 7.5 to 11.8 mm in length. 32(3): 10-11. )),: 367-368. They are strong fliers and usually fly in the mornings and afternoons. The melon fly is native to tropical Asia and has spread to Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Guam, Kenya, Tanzania and the Mauritius. It was introduced there from Japan around 1895, and by 1897, when it was first observed, it had already become a serious pest. The fly is active in hot and hibernates as pupae or adults during the cold months. 82(10): 213-219. [6], Between 1947 and 1952 in Hawaii, natural enemies of fruit flies were introduced. & Consumer Services, Division of Plant Industry. Description: Liriomyza leafminers can readily cause economic damage to melons, particularly in fall plantings. [1], Mature melon fly males are attracted to several attractants e.g. 1989. Peiping (Beijing) 5: 93-138. It is a serious agricultural pest, particularly in Hawaii. The other is to use baited traps. 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