A brief history of Canada thistle in Iowa. 4800 to 3000 BC). At the time farmers used only 20 proven varieties of soybeans. By the turn of the century, the United States Department of Agriculture was conducting tests on soybeans and encouraging farmers to plant them as animal feed. He came to the lab one day with a bag of soybeans. By the 1970s, the US supplied 2/3 of the world's soybeans, and in 2006, the US, Brazil, and Argentina grew 81% of the world production. In genus Glycine, subgenus Soja consists of the above mentioned species. K. Kris Hirst is an archaeologist with 30 years of field experience. is an important legume crop that is a leading source of dietary protein and oil in animal feed, as well as a staple for human consumption (Hartman et al., 2011). Her work has appeared in scholarly publications such as Archaeology Online and Science. Domestic landraces are smaller, bushier plants with upright stems; cultivars such as that for edamame have erect and compact stem architecture, high harvest percentages and high seed yield. Today, the main use (about 95%) is as edible oils with the rest for industrial products from cosmetics and hygiene products to paint removers and plastics. Following the Second World War, the United States experienced a period of increasing prosperity. History of Soy in Hong Kong 10. soybean synonyms, soybean pronunciation, soybean translation, English dictionary definition of soybean. Carver encouraged cotton farmers to “rotate” their crops in a three-year plan so that peanuts, soybeans, sweet potatoes or other plants would replenish the soil with nitrogen and minerals for two seasons, and then the third year farmers planted cotton. Chickens, turkeys, cattle and hogs were fed diets containing tens of millions of tons of soybean meal each year. Interactive chart of historical daily soybean prices back to 1971. Soybean plants were domesticated between 17th and 11th century BC in the eastern half of China where they were cultivated into a food crop. A single origin and moderate bottleneck during domestication of soybean (Glycine max): implications from microsatellites and nucleotide sequences. Brazilian farmers are on a trajectory to have the highest soybean return in history for the 2019/20 marketing year. The Middle Jomon [3000-2000 BC) site of Shimoyakebe had soybeans, one of which was AMS dated to between 4890-4960 cal BP. One of the great scientific advances in agriculture was the improvement of the soybean in the 1990s to withstand herbicides. Soybean—worldwide production, use, and constraints caused by pathogens and pests. By the ? Then, scientists discovered that the soybean had many uses for people. To date, the earliest documented evidence for the use of Glycine of any kind comes from charred plant remains of wild soybean recovered from Jiahu in Henan province China, a Neolithic site occupied between 9000 and 7800 calendar years ago (cal bp). The current price of soybeans as of December 31, 2020 is $13.1185 per bushel. From China, soybean cultivation spread to Japan, Korea and throughout Southeast Asia. Define soybean. The creation of cultivars continues, with new versions suitable for growing in different climates (Australia, Africa, Scandinavian countries) and or for developing different traits making soybean suitable for human use as grains or beans, animal consumption as forage or supplements, or industrial uses in the production of soy textiles and papers. Soybean Plant Population. He also realized the benefits of soybeans for preserving good quality soil. Morse recognized that there was much potential to be discovered in the soybean plant. They also fashioned the exterior of an automobile from “soybean plastic.” By 1935 Ford was using one bushel of soybeans for every car he manufactured. By the first century AD, soybeans were grown in Japan and many other countries. The first written record of soybean cultivation appeared in 2838 BC in the “Materia Medica” by Chinese Emperor Sheng-Nung. An ancient crop, the soybean has been used in China, Japan, and Korea for thousands of years as a food and a component of medicines. The first recorded soybean in Europe was in Carolus Linnaeus's Hortus Cliffortianus, compiled in 1737. Chinese records dating prior to 2000 B.C. In 1904, the famous American chemist, George Washington Carver (pictured left) discovered that soybeans are a valuable source of protein and oil. The origin of soybean domestication Soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) Soybean cyst nematode may cause soybeans to mature early. 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