Background. HX 79 was a North Atlantic convoy of the HX series which ran during the battle of the Atlantic in World War II. It suffered major losses from a U-boat attack, and, with the attack on convoy SC 7 the previous day, represents the worst two days shipping losses in the entire Atlantic campaign. Despite the strength of the escort, it was ineffective; the ships were un-co-ordinated, being unused to working together, and having no common battle plan or tactics. Der Geleitzug HX 79 war ein alliierter Geleitzug der HX-Geleitzugserie zur Versorgung Großbritanniens im Zweiten Weltkrieg.Er fuhr am 8. The largest convoy which ever sailed anywhere was HXM 292 with 135 ships and six escorts. "The Allied Convoy System", Arnold Hague Die HX-Geleitzüge nahmen alle Schiffe auf, die über die nordatlantische Route nach Großbritannien fuhren. Undeterred by their presence however, the pack attacked as night fell; using the darkness to cover an approach on the surface, Prien penetrated the escort screen from the south to attack from within the convoy, while Endrass (who had learned his trade as Prien’s 1st officer), did the same from the north. The escort for the crossing had been meagre, being provided by two Armed Merchant Cruisers against the possibility of attack by a surface raider, but even these had departed when HX 79 was sighted by U-47, commanded by submarine ace KL Günther Prien. Ocean Escorts: HMS Ausonia and S/M Beveziers. "1 The9 n after a radio silence of some twenty hours U-203 reported at 1610 that she had sighted a convoy proceeding on a "SOUTHWESTERLY COURSE. At 22.19 hours, U-38 fired another torpedo, which struck the Bilderdijk. This consisted of destroyers Whitehall, Sturdy; corvettes Hibiscus, Heliotrope, Coreopsis, and Arabis; also three armed naval trawlers, a minesweeper and a submarine. ISBN (Canada) 1 55125 033 0 . 0433 U-71 radioed that she had sighted the convoy17 and several hours later U-79 reported being in contact with HX 133.18 At 1533 the U-79 was ordered "TO SEND CONTACT REPORTS HOURLY. Caprella - 11 300 tons fuel oil for Mersey, sunk by U-100 Oct. 20, 1 died. The convoy, made up of contingents from Halifax, Sydney and Bermuda was led by Commodore HH Rogers RNR in Tregarthen. HX 84 Attacked on 5 November 1940, by the German cruiser Admiral Scheer . HX 79 was an east-bound convoy of 49 ships which sailed from Halifax on the 8 October … The stations given for the majority of the convoy forms from Ted are the intitial convoy stations on departure; these may have changed as the voyage progressed. The U-boat War in World War Two (Kriegsmarine, 1939-1945) and World War One (Kaiserliche Marine, 1914-1918) and the Allied efforts to counter the threat. Janus - fuel oil for Clyde, straggled, sunk by U-46 Oct. 20. (His source: A diary). Joining from Sydney (SHX 79): Yngaren (steel, lumber and paper - Liverpool). La ĉi-suba teksto estas aÅ­tomata traduko de la artikolo Convoy HX 79 article en la angla Vikipedio, farita per la sistemo GramTrans on 2016-07-11 14:35:09. Time of first attack, 2346 hours. HX 79 was an east-bound convoy of 50 ships which sailed from Halifax on 8 October 1940 making for Liverpool with war materials. ★ Convoy. Notes: Commodore was in Sulairia, Vice Commodore in Beaverford, and Rear Commodore in Pacific Star. Saturday 19 October 1940 Kapitänleutnant Günther Prien has a terrific 48 hours as he participates in the attacks on Convoy HX 79 on 19 October 1940 (Schulte, Federal Archive). Teneriffa Sitala - 8444 tons crude oil for Manchester, sunk by U-100 Oct. 20, 1 died. Kyleglen La Estancia - 8333 tons sugar for Belfast, sunk by U-47 Oct. 20, 1 died. ISBN 0-572-00828-7, Arnold Hague : The Allied Convoy System 1939-1945 (2000). The Wandby finally sank two days later, on 21.10. Finally, the presence of an allied submarine was less than helpful; O-14 had no targets, and was twice attacked by mistake by other escorts. (stations given in Notes). See also this thread on my Ship Forum for a more detailed analysis of these attacks. It suffered major losses from After sighting the convoy by U-47 BdU ordered some boats against the HX-72 from the just … Command of the escort force fell to the senior officer present, and could change as each new ship arrived. Ostende (also cancelled from HX 80 and HX 81). This does not mean that all the ships arrived that port on that date; some ships had other destinations as detailed below. Contractor and Yngaren are listed in HX 80. Matheran -3000 tons iron/1200 tons zinc/general for Liverpool, sunk by U-38 Oct. 19, 9 died. Loch Lomond steel/lumber for Methil, straggled, sunk by U-100 Oct. 20. For info, some of the ships in this convoy had previously been cancelled from Convoy HX 78. (Will be updated - please compare with A. Hague's listing for this convoy at ships in all HX convoys. *Baron Minto put in to Sydney C.B. Whitford Point - 7840 tons steel for Liverpool, sunk by U-47 Oct. 20, 37 died. * There's a notation for Pecten (from HX 28) saying "engine defect 30/3/40". After leaving the remains of HX79, the U Boats went on to attack an outward bound convoy from Britain – HX79A – and sank a further seven ships on the night of the 20th/21st. The four ON convoys averaged 91 ships. Prelude. Ships in convoy were less vulnerable to submarine attack than ships sailing independently, but the Allies had difficulty providing an adequate number of escorting warships to establish a protective perimeter for detecting and defeating approaching submarines. A convoy is a group of vehicles, typically vehicles or ships, traveling together for mutual support and protection. Those U-boats which had attacked SC 7 and were still able to fight (three had departed to re-arm, having spent all their torpedoes) were directed to the scene. The Arnold Hague convoy database for the HX series of convoy: From September 1939 until September 1942, the HX series carried traffic from Halifax NS to Liverpool. Convoy Part of World War II Date 20 22 September 1940 Location Western Approaches Result Germa OB 293 was a North Atlantic convoy which ran during the battle of the Atlantic in World War II. HX 79 Attacked by a U-boat wolf pack in October 1940. "2 Th 0 e Details of ADM 199/2185/95; Reference: ADM 199/2185/95 Description: Convoy number HX 79 from Halifax (later New York) to UK. Baron Carnegie, station 11, Induna, station 12, Wellington Court, station 21, Benwood, station 22, Loch Lomond, station 31, Enseigne Maurice Préchac in 32, Blairnevis in 33, Cairnvalona in 41, Tiba in 42, Rio Blanco in 51, Kiruna in 52, Campus in 61, Sir Ernest Cassel in 62, Ruperra in 63, Ravnefjell in 71, Axel Johnson in 72, Brittany in 81, Thyra in 82, Uganda in 91. HX 106; HG 53; OB 293; HX 112; 4 April; OB 318; HX 126; Denmark Strait; Bismarck; OG 69; OG 71; SC 42; HG 73; SC 48; HG 76; 1942; Postmaster; 2nd Happy Time; Torpedo Alley; ... Convoy HX 90 was a North Atlantic convoy of the HX series which ran during the Battle of the Atlantic in World War II. Over the next six hours, 13 ships were torpedoed; 6 by U-47 alone (4 of which were sunk). Br=British, Sw=Swedish, Du=Dutch, Norw=Norwegian, s=sunk, dam=damaged, †=dead. S = Ships joining from Sydney, C. B. Shirak - Kerosene for London, damaged by U-47 Oct. 19, sunk by U-48 Oct. 20, no casualties. 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