[3] Its geographic range includes temperate rainforests of the Pacific Northwest, extending to parts of northern California. with very rare large bulls weighing more. I have killed and cut/wrapped over 20 cow elk in my life. The average mature bull elk will be about 5 feet tall at the shoulder, 8 feet long, and weigh about 700 pounds. Elk are among the noisiest ungulates, communicating danger quickly and identifying each other by sound. Named for President Theodore Roosevelt, they are the largest variety of elk in North America. The percentages of total weight made up by those hog-dressed weights had a mean of 75 and varied from 67 to 82. cit.) The Roosevelt Elk is also muc… The largest of the elk species, a mature bull can weigh in access of 1000 pounds. Recommended viewing distance is 25 yards (75 feet), but for your safety, farther distances are recommended in the spring and fall. Most will hang hide on hooves on @ 400-450 on my scale. Tule and Roosevelt elk bulls and cows weigh an average of 400 lbs. In 1928 they were introduced to the Afognak and Raspberry islands off the coast of Alaska and are thriving there. Typically they enjoy open lands where they can walk freely and graze on grasses, however they often prefer a mix of old growth stands and edge environments. info@oregonwild.org, Bulls average between 700 and 1100 lbs; cows average between 575 and 625 lbs, Old growth forests with breaks in the canopy allowing sunlight to reach the floor. Roosevelt Elk . Univ. [6], In the wild, the Roosevelt elk rarely lives beyond 12 to 15 years, but in captivity it has been known to live over 25 years. Tweet. 541.382-2616  |  Bend office Adult males (bulls) are typically 40 % larger than their female counterparts (cows) and weigh on average 320 - 331 kg (705 - 730 lb). Antlers are made of bone which can grow at a rate of 2.5 centimeters (0.98 in) per day. - An elk's antlers can weigh as much as 40 pounds and be up to 4 feet in length. [8] The following year he created Olympic National Park. [6] The Roosevelt elk is also known to eat blueberries, mushrooms, lichens, and salmonberries. At the start of its first winter, an elk may weigh five times as much as when it was born. Identification: Olympic National Park is home to the largest unmanaged herd of Roosevelt elk in the Pacific Northwest. Most "average" elk will be more in the 65 pound range. Roosevelt elk bulls generally weigh between 700 and 1,100 lb (300–500 kg), while cows weigh 575–625 lb (260–285 kg). More typically, male Roosevelt elk weigh around 318 to 499 kg (701 to 1,100 lb), while females weigh 261 to 283 kg (575 to 624 lb). With thick bodies, short tails, and long legs, adult elk stand 4.5 to 5 feet high at the shoulder. I shot a 5-point bull yesterday afternoon and haven't weighed him yet but I bet the hind quarters are around 60 pounds each. This is the largest of the elk species. – Moose’s’ palmate antlers are comparable to elk’s widely branched dendritic antlers. Their data were also much less variable than ours. This is obviously much larger than the average whitetail or mule deer, and should be taken into consideration when hunting. The Roosevelt Elk, named for Theodore Roosevelt, is the largest of the four remaining North American elk subspecies. Roosevelt Elk inherited their byname through President Theodore Roosevelt in the early 1900s; their formal name is Olympic Elk and in the late 1800s, they were nearing extinction as a result of inadequate hunting guidelines and conservation practices. Bark: Warning of danger. What Do Elk Antlers Weigh? [1] Some mature bulls from Raspberry Island in Alaska have weighed nearly 1,300 lb (600 kg). "Saskatchewan Elk (Cervus elaphus) Management Plan - Update", p.2: "1.1.2 - Physical Description", temperate rainforests of the Pacific Northwest, http://coastalinletadventures.com/bc-roosevelt-elk-hunting-british-columbia-canada.htm, Return of the elk to the B.C. Sign up for our monthly Wolves and Wildlife Newsletter! The best way of estimating yield from an elk comes to us from the University of Wyoming. It is estimated that nearly 10 million elk lived in North America prior to 1500 and were reduced to less than 100,000 by 1907. [2] In both subspecies, mature bulls weigh from 700–1200 lbs. – In comparing these big-made deer species, moose ranks top among all the Cervids in terms of body size, while elk is the second. A bull elk at National Elk Refuge. It is the largest of the four surviving subspecies of elk (Cervus canadensis) in North America by body mass,[1] although by antler size, both the Boone and Crockett (rifle) and Pope and Young (bow) records have Rocky Mountain elk being larger. Hepworth.1973b. Their 8-page publication “The Elk Carcass” provides an in depth look at the data collected from actual hunter harvested elk. I cut and wrap my own and do not include any bones in my meat. [1], From late spring to early fall, the Roosevelt elk feeds upon herbaceous plants, such as grasses and sedges. This is the smallest elk of the three. Both bulls and cows are strong swimmers. – Moose has hanging dewlaps that elk does not. – Skin colour is darker in moose than in elk. The Roosevelt elk is the largest elk, and these enormous deer weighs between 570 pounds and 1,100 pounds (258 to 498 kg). 541.344.0675  |  Eugene office None of the top 10 Roosevelt elk would score in the top 20 of Pope and Young's Rocky Mountain elk. The average bull will be about 350 lbs. 6 pp.) Get the best deals on Elk Horns & Antlers when you shop the largest online selection at eBay.com. These elk are seasonally migratory, spending the summer months in the mountains and on snow fields and moving to lower elevations in the winter to avoid winter storms and find food. Elk possess a 4 chambered stomach and can consume up to 20 lbs of vegetation a day. An elk calf weighs approximately 35 pounds (15 kg) when they are born. Wyoming Ag. The Roosevelt elk (Cervus canadensis roosevelti), also known commonly as the Olympic elk and Roosevelt's wapiti. These elk also have the largest antlers of all elk species, reaching lengths of up to four feet with a distinctive thee-point tip, or crown and the end. The largest unmanaged herd of Roosevelt Elk is in Olympic National Park in Washington State and consists of nearly 5,000 elk. It was introduced to Alaska's Afognak, Kodiak, and Raspberry Islands in 1928 [4][5][6] and reintroduced to British Columbia's Sunshine Coast from Vancouver Island in 1986.[7]. A bull’s antler, which the cow does not have, also adds about 40 pounds to its weight. Roosevelt Elk Safety. As the largest subspecies of North American elk (bulls can weigh as much as 1,200 pounds), Roosevelt elk are a majestic sight, but can pose hazards depending on the season. ... Roosevelt elk and Rocky Mountain elk are classified as game animals (WAC 220-400-020). A newborn calf weighs about 8 pounds at birth. The Roosevelt Elk lives primarily on the western slopes of the Coastal and Cascade Ranges from northern California up to southern British Columbia. Roosevelt Elk, named after President Theodore Roosevelt, inhabit the rainforests of Oregon and Washington and were introduced to Kodiak, Alaska, in … You can quickly see that packing an elk is whole ‘nuther ballgame than packing a deer, as even elk calves can weigh more than 4½ year old mule deer bucks (See Table 3 below). Prev Article. Most cow elk weigh around 250 lbs. I have seen one go 475 with hide and hooves and it was much bigger than average. Free shipping on many items | Browse your favorite brands | affordable prices. and 900 lbs., and 300 lbs. the elk for which whole weights were also obtained. Cow elk can range from 300 to 600 lbs with an average nose to tail measurement of 6.5 feet. Elk, depending on sex and subspecies, have a shoulder height between 4.5 to 5 feet. Elk play an important part in life cycle of the forest by clearing understory vegetation which makes way for other plant and animal species. 541.886.0212  |  Enterprise office I … Females (cows) average 700 pounds. and it came from a game ranch. A mature Rocky Mountain elk bull can weigh between 500 and 1000 pounds with the average weight being around 700 pounds. So a 600 lb bull will give you around 200 lbs of useable meat. [6] Roosevelt elk bulls generally weigh between 700 and 1,100 lb (300–500 kg), while cows weigh 575–625 lb (260–285 kg). 5825 North Greeley, Portland, OR 97217 Bull elks can move silently through forests at speeds up to 35 miles per hour. state: "A mature bull elk in prime condition will weigh 700 to 1,000 pounds and an average cow in good shape between 400 and 700 pounds. (Alaska Fish and Game) - A male elk can lose as much as 100-200 pounds during the rut -- as much as 20% of their body weight. Arsenault, Anthony Alan (2008). 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